One tiny millimeter

can be the difference between pain relief or

paralysis and even death.

Don't you want only a qualified doctor
performing your procedure?

Putting Minnesota Patients at Risk

Interventional pain procedures can be dangerous, even in the hands of the most specially-trained and educated physicians, because they are performed near or around the spinal cord, surrounding nerves and arteries. With many interventional procedures, if the needle is off target by as little as a fraction of a millimeter, it can result in serious injury or death. Potential complications include allergic reactions, infections, bleeding, nerve damage, spinal cord injuries including paralysis, brain stem tissue damage, or death.

Plenty of access to interventional pain doctors

Minnesota has plenty of hospital-based and independent interventional pain physicians providing access to interventional pain management procedures throughout the state, including outreach to rural communities. There is no access justification for lowering standards of patient safety and care.

A critical difference in education, training and expertise:

  • Interventional pain physicians must complete four years of pre-med, four years of medical school, four years of residency training in anesthesiology, physical medicine and rehabilitation, or neurology and one-to-two years in a pain fellowship. That's a total of approximately 14 years of education and training.
  • Compare that with roughly 7 years of education and training for a CRNA. The 6 or 7 year difference is when interventional pain doctors learn the precise, image-guided procedures to diagnose and treat the physical generators of chronic pain – as well as how to take care of patients in the real world of clinical medicine.

Ask yourself:

Would you want your chronic pain treated by someone with half the education and training – and no specialty experience – knowing that a mistake can be fatal? Should the State of Minnesota open up medical practice and expose patients to such serious increased risks?


HF435 and SF511, now under consideration at the Legislature, would allow Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) to diagnose and perform potentially dangerous interventional pain procedures for which they have no proper training.

Tell your legislators:

We cannot afford to lower Minnesota's standard of patient safety and care by allowing unqualified people to perform these extremely precise, and potentially dangerous, procedures.

Please email your State Senator and State Representative
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